Sundials of North America

This is a complete listing of sundials in the North American Sundial Society Registry. Click on any dial thumbnail picture or city name to display the full dial listing and images. To see sundials from a particular state or province, you may click on the list at right to see all registered sundials in that state, province or country (at bottom) displayed in city order.

You may also type into the NASS search field at upper right any search word such as "equatorial" to get a list of all articles mentioning equatorial dials and a list of all equatorial sundials in the registry. (Try other dial types: "vertical", "horizontal", etc).

 
 
Bala Cynwyd Pennsylvania USA Vertical Dial Dial 1023
This is a statuary of a saddened maiden leaning over a vertical dial. The hour lines are thick lines radiating from the foot of the gnomon from 5am to 5pm. The maiden's hand lays over the bronze gnomon. In the center of the dial is a compass rose. This may be an 18th century statuary, a cast copy of a dial and statue in London.
 
 
Haverford Pennsylvania USA Vertical Dial Dial 1022
Not too far up the wall of Union Hall is this vertical rectangular dial about 2x3 foot in size. The limestone dial is embedded in the stone block wall. The declining dial has hour lines every half hour from 5am to 6pm, but the gnomon is missing, leaving only a bronze stain on the light stone face. Most disturbing is a magnolia tree planted by the class of 1972 that now totally blocks sunlight from reaching the dial.
 
 
Haverford Pennsylvania USA Vertical Dial Dial 1021
This bronze vertical dial is about 2x3 feet with a splotched green patina. The hour lines and Roman markers go from 5am to 7pm. The tip of the gnomon shadow shows the date among declination lines from solstice to solstice. It is inscribed as an analemmatic dial, but only because at the noon hour is the trace of the analemma. Considering the motto on the dial, this was probably erected as a memorial to those lost in The Great War.
 
 
Haverford Pennsylvania USA Vertical Dial Dial 1020
Vertical dial about 2-foot square high up on the east wing of KINSC. The limestone dial is embedded in the stone block wall. The declining dial has hour lines every half hour from 5am to 4:30pm. The gnomon is in excellent condition and has not left brass stains on the dial face.
 
 
Haverford Pennsylvania USA Horizontal Dial Dial 1019
A rectangular horizontal dial about 18 x 12 inches. Heavily weathered, but Roman hour lines from 6am to 6pm with noon gap still visible. Original 5 minute hour marks barely visible on rim. The gnomon went missing some years ago and was retrieved on eBay, and is retained by the college.
 
 
Swarthmore Pennsylvania USA Horizontal Dial Dial 1018
This octagonal dial was given to Swarthmore in memory of their classmate Howard White Jr. The dial was originally placed in the Scott Arboretum on Parish Lawn but was removed for pathway reconfiguration in 2006. An alum Bob Thompson found that the dial was stored under the bleachers alongside Skallerup Track. n honor of Thompson’s 92nd birthday, the Arboretum returned the sundial placing in in front of Pearson Hall for the next generation of students to enjoy.
 
 
Philadelphia Pennsylvania USA Noon Mark or Meridian Dial Dial 1017
This meridian dial titled "The Point Where Things Change" was commissioned by the Redevelopment Authority of the City of Philadelphia. It is a large 8-foot diameter hoop aligned north-south. The gray painted hoop is supported at its base, covered by a narrow steel sheet cone also painted gray. The meridian dial and cone are slightly raised above a concrete pad. During the morning the shadow climbs up the AM side of the cone, at noon it rests directly on the point, and in the afternoon it starts to descend down the PM side of the cone. The Redevelopment Authority budgeted $18,000 for the meridian dial as a public art project.
 
 
Philadelphia Pennsylvania USA Horizontal Dial Dial 1016
In a small plaza is a beautiful bronze statue of Pan with Flute. The statue is 36 x 20 x 18 inches. His should is bent to hold a 12-inch bronze sundial. Along the edge of the dial are Roman hour marks from 5am to 7pm. "In 1938, Mrs. William Stansfield presented the bronze statue, “Pan with Sundial,” to the University in memory of her husband, an alum from the class of 1902. The work is by Philadelphia native Beatrice Fenton, a figurative sculptor and portraitist who studied at the School of the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Fenton exhibited her work as the 11th member of the “Philadelphia Ten”—a group of women artists—as well as at the Art Institute of Chicago, the 1939 New York City World’s Fair and, in 1976, the Philadelphia Museum of Art. From 1942 to 1953, Fenton taught sculpture at the Moore Institute of Art.
 
 
Baltimore Maryland USA Analemmatic Dial Dial 1015
This red brick analemmatic is an ellipse 18x12 feet. It has concrete stone inlays for the zodiac walkway and hour stones from 5am to 7pm in black lettering. At the edges are markers for the cardinal points and along the east-west line are the seasonal points (Bailey Points) for determining the direction of the rise and set of the sun.
 
 
Beaufort South Carolina USA Horizontal Dial Dial 1014
Cast bronze, 18 inch diameter circular face, mounted on a cement pedestal 40 inches tall. The gnomon is 5.5 inches tall with a 5-point star cut through it. Arabic numerals mark the hours from 6am to 6pm. US Marine Corps emblem (Eagle, Globe, and Anchor) at the left and right positions on the outer circle of the face. This dial was previously located on the Naval Hospital, Parris Island, which was decommissioned on August 31, 1949. The last Commanding Officer of NH Parris Island, Captain Leslie Marshall, became the first Commanding Officer of NH Beaufort and brought the sundial with him to the new site.
 
 
Buffalo Valley Tennessee USA Horizontal Dial Dial 1013
This monumental size sundial is called "Marking Time: and spreads over an area 100 x 50 feet (30 x 15 m). The gnomon is a 12 foot (3.6 m) tall welded stainless steel structure. The last several feet of the gnomon is a thin metal bar ending in a sharp point. Multiple time markers are arranged in hour lines from 6am to 6pm. These marks have the names of all 95 Tennessee counties and the noon line has only one county, Davidson, in tribute to the state capital in Nashville, Davidson Co. The large concrete base of the gnomon has fossil type imprints on the surface.
 
 
Great Falls Virginia USA Analemmatic Dial Dial 1012
This 12-foot E-W analemmatic sundial was the Eagle Scout project of Kenny Dieffenderfer who marshaled volunteers from Troop 1547 and parents. The dial has hour marks of bright yellow radiant suns from 5am to 7pm local time. The zodiac walkway is 30 inches wide, painted with a white background and line marks for each month and appropriate colorful drawings. The equinox is clearly marked and surrounding the dial are the cardinal markers of N, S, E, W.
 
 
Ewa Beach Hawaii USA Horizontal Dial Dial 1011
This is a large horizontal dial with a blue metal gnomon. At 21 deg latitude, the gnomon's low angle is distinguishing. Along the perimeter of half circle are Arabic numbers marking the hours from 6am to 6pm set between two concrete chapter rings. Just beyond the dial to the north is a an concrete bench that arcs across the 10am-2pm shadow line. The dial and bench are situated at one end of a long green corridor between the school buildings.
 
 
Denver Colorado USA Gnomonic or Projection Dial Dial 1010
This gnomonic sundial uses an oculus high above ground level to project sunlight through a large overhead disc made of yellow plexiglass with a hole in the center to provide a brighter spot of sunlight surrounded by a yellow ellipse to show date and time. The light projects onto a large gnomonic calendar in colored concrete designating the months and hour lines from 10am-2pm standard time. Summer hours are designated from 11am-3pm.
 
 
Athens Ohio USA Horizontal Dial Dial 1009
For a dial 114 years old, it is in excellent condition. The bronze dial is of simple form with hour marks every quarter of the hour and a chapter ring with Roman hours from 5:30am to 6:30pm. Surrounding the chapter ring it reads "Ohio University". Father time stands with a scythe at the foot of the gnomon that contains the profile of a bird. On the dial plate Shakespeare's Sonnet 16 is lightly engraved. The sundial was erected in 1907, though there is a photo of "a quartet of gentlemen" attributed in 1890, yet the cylindrical pedestal with plaque is easily recognizable.
 
 
Westville Indiana USA Horizontal Dial Dial 1008
This marine brass sundial at first glance is just a beautiful horizontal sundial with Roman hour marks delineated at 1 minute intervals from 5am to 7pm . But look carefully and at the base of the gnomon on the north side is a vertical stile whose shadow graces a stereographic projection of a grid of 5-minute solar time lines vs solar declination at degree intervals spanning +/- 23.5 deg where the summer and winter solstice paths are highlighted by a bead of small solar dots.
 
 
Ventura California USA Horizontal Dial Dial 1007
The central part of the bronze sundial, approximately 12 inches in diameter, has the traditional hour marks and divisions into 15 minute intervals and surrounded by Roman numerals from 5am to 7pm. South of the gnomon is a simple compass rose with four cardinal points. With the dial at ground level the gnomon has led a hard life and is now held to the dial plate with improvised brackets. Surrounding the dial, doubling the size to 24 inches in diameter is an elegantly engraved ring of the twelve figures of the zodiac, each named on the outer ring with the corresponding month on the inner ring.
 
 
Indianapolis Indiana USA Horizontal Dial Dial 1006
Nestled among the trees in a small triangular park is a monumental horizontal sundial with oversized hour marks. The apparent method of reading the Roman hours that are all south of the 6am - 6pm line, is to look at the shadow then gaze across the sundial to read (upside down) the hour. The hours are 6, 9 ,12, 3, and 6. On the north side of the 6am-6pm line are 3 plaques where the normal 9, 12, and 3 hours should be. One is a plaque for Robert McCord who planted and maintained the park during the 60's until his death. Another plaque records that the McCord Park sundial is dedicated to a local police officer, William Whitfield, who was the first African American police officer killed in the line of duty in Indianapolis. His name is engraved on the central part of the large triangular sundial gnomon. Surrounding the base of the sundial are ceramic tiles from Barbara Zech, a local clay artist who fired the tiles created by students from the nearby school. The tiles have the theme of "home" and "community". The park renovations were headed by the group Keep Indianapolis Beautiful.
 
 
Marshfield Massachusetts USA Analemmatic Dial Dial 1005
This beautiful and educational analemmatic sundial is painted on the blue background of a 14x10 foot concrete pad. The ellipse itself has a semi-major axis of 76 inches and a semi-minor axis of 48 inches, particular suited for children. The zodiac walkway is nicely painted in white with clean stenciling of the months. The solstices and equinoxes are marked in large letters and the cardinal points are flagged in red. [Note: a number of vendors will make paper or plastic stencils that with a stiff brush create impressive lettering.] The hour marks are bright yellow suns enumerated in standard time and offset for longitude. The paint is covered with a clear sealer (Duromar DF-5610 “Solventless, Zero VOC, UV Stable Clear Polyaspartic Topcoat”) plus a bit of "shark grit" (Duromar DuroTrac "Invisible Traction Grit") to roughen the surface a bit to give some traction. This is similar to the approach taken by John Carmichael for the dial he designed at the University of Arizona, NASS Registry #825.
 
 
Longport New Jersey USA Sun Alignment Dial 1004
This concrete and bronze dial is really an alignment sculpture, honoring events from Armistice Day (Nov 11, 1918) to Pearl Harbor (Dec 7, 1941). A five-vaned support casts a shadow onto brass medallions on the time and date of the event such as the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month for Armistice (Veterans) Day. Surrounding the dial are five bronze plaques representing the different branches of the U.S. armed forces.
 
 
Norwell Massachusetts USA Vertical Dial Dial 1003
This vertical declining dial is made of painted plywood with a simple white background and black hour lines and Arabic numerals. The gnomon is a brass rod without nodus. The hour lines have been adjusted for the difference between the site's longitude and the 75° W standard-time meridian. The hours are numbered as Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) instead of Standard Time, because in winter the sun is mostly low in the sky and trees in this wooded area block sunlight from reaching the sundial. Of course to obtain correct EDT, the equation of time needs to be added to the dial's time to account for the variable meridian passage of the sun. At most this amounts to -14 minutes (mid-February) or +16 minutes (early November).
 
 
Black Rock City Nevada USA Equatorial Dial Dial 1002
"About Time" was a 30 foot long, 3000 pound wooden pyramid. This installation projected time using two sundials: a gnomonic vertical sundial that swept its shadow of time out across the desert floor and an equatorial dial located on one faces of the pyramid. A platform at the peak of the pyramid allowed observers to become the gnomonic sundial’s apex and to experience 360 deg views of the landscape. At the end of the installation the piece was burned, a testament to the unidirectional march of entropy and time, underscoring the fleeting nature of the present moment.
 
 
Mexico City México Mexico Vertical Dial Dial 1001
This is a south facing reclining vertical sundial made of stone about one and a half meter square. The dial's concrete mount adjusts the dial to true south even though the carillon tower is not N-S aligned. Hour lines and Roman numbers on the dial go from 7am to 5pm. Monthly declination lines show the date as well as the solstices and equinox. A simple rod gnomon exits a gold ball at the top of the dial. The dial itself is well above eye level and hard to read. The other end of the carillon tower has an Aztec calendar.
 
 
Milwaukee Wisconsin USA Analemmatic Dial Dial 1000
During the design of the bridge across the lagoon, the walkway was extended in the center on the north side, creating a niche for a 12 x 6 foot analemmatic dial. The dial is painted bright yellow with hours marked from 5am to 9pm (daylight saving time). The 1pm hour mark is set 8 1/2 minutes past local noon corresponding to its location just east of the Central Time Zone meridian. The walkway is marked with a central line using tic marks for each month and solstices. As of 2019, the paint is well worn. The dial has red circular Bailey marks for observing the direction of sunrise and sunset. Latitude and longitude are painted on the dial as well. At the north side of the dial on bridge railing is a sign explaining how to stand on the dial and use the equation of time chart to get civil time
 
 
Anchorage Alaska USA Sculpture/Artwork Dial 999
A sun sculpture called "Solar Path". The large 24 x 35 x 12 feet sculpture made by renowned artist Bill FitzGibbons consists of a blue vertical pole and two low sloping wedges. The vertical column makes a linear shadow that is supposed to show approximate solar time as it passes over evenly spaced inlaid hourly numbers from 8am to 8pm. This is not a functional sundial! The short wedge points to where the sunrises on the summer solstice and the longer wedge form points to where the sunrises on the winter solstice.
 
 
Fairbanks Alaska USA Equatorial Dial Dial 998
This equatorial sundial uses the shaft hole of an old airplane propeller as a nodus to cast a sun beam spot on the equatorial band. The arms are made from pieces cut from an unused pipe section intended for an oil pipeline. The dial appears to have time zone compensation. The hour marks are labelled for both Standard and Daylight Saving Time (with no minor marks). The propeller hole shines light onto the words "summer", "equinox", and "winter".
 
 
Port Hueneme California USA Horizontal Dial Dial 997
A large, 20 ft. diameter horizontal bronze dial constructed in memory of Alaska Airlines Flight 261, which crashed 14 miles offshore nearby on January 31, 2000, with the loss of all aboard. 88 bronze plaques surround the dial on its beveled edge honoring passengers and crew who died. The dial face is simple without hour lines but Roman numerals from 8am to 4pm to mark the hours. The thin, gleaming gnomon is decorated with dolphins at the base symbolizing the sea into which the plane fell. The sundial is set in a circular plaza 36 feet in diameter.
 
 
South Hadley Massachusetts USA Vertical Dial Dial 996
This vertical sundial declines slightly to the southwest in alignment with the building wall. The 1x1 meter dial is of concrete and built in the middle of the south wall. Because of its size and height at least 25 feet above ground, it was made to be seen at a distance. In 1916 when it was built, the land to the south was clear and many early photographs show the dial prominently on the south face One hundred years later many trees block the sunlight to this fine sundial. The dial is delineated in half-hour lines spanning from the 7:30am line in morning to the 6pm hour line in the evening. The hour lines are marked with Roman numerals. There are no solstice or equinox lines.
 
 
South Hadley Massachusetts USA Vertical Dial Dial 995
This vertical dial is a quaint and simple sundial made of wood. It is nearly square in shape with hour lines radiating from the gnomon. The hours are marked at the edge of the square in small Roman numerals. There are no solstice or equinox lines. The black disk on the dial face is the base of the gnomon.
 
 
Richmond Virginia USA Horizontal Dial Dial 994
A large circular plaza holds 7 life sized bronze statues of influential Virginia women during the last 400 years. The plaza will eventually feature 5 more life-size bronze statues. Dedicated in Oct 2019 this monument is a work in progress with other women still to be recognized. In the center of the plaza on a wide circular granite pedestal is a bronze horizontal sundial. In addition to the normal dial furniture of compass rose, inscriptions, site latitude & longitude, and a chapter ring with the hours from 5am to 7pm there is additional information: points of interest in Virginia shown around the dial in the outer chapter ring. Each location is listed by name, azimuth, and distance from the Capitol site. Underneath the style of the gnomon is a bronze Northern Cardinal, the state bird of Virginia.
 
 
Cincinnati Ohio USA Analemmatic Dial Dial 993
This analemmatic sundial is laid out in brick. The walkway consists of an inlaid brass analemma surrounded by month indicators for where to stand etched in brick. The analemmatic ellipse is brass, etched with time marks every 15 minutes. Just to the inside and outside of the ellipse are the hours in standard and daylight savings time. Brass indicators are inlaid for the Bailey Points to show the of time and direction of sunrise and sunset. At the edge of the circular brick plaza are granite markers of the cardinal points.
 
 
Breaux Bridge Louisiana USA Equatorial Dial Dial 992
This is a simple but well designed equatorial dial made of a steel frame and 4-foot diameter aluminum equatorial band. This time band can be loosened from its frame and rotated to an equation of time offset position that's based on solar noon according to dates on a placard fixed to the base. When adjusted, the dial shows time to within a minute. The 10-minute time marks and Arabic hour numbers used vinyl numbers and strips as cover during sand-blasting of the aluminum time band. The vinyl was removed leaving the reflective and polished marks and numbers against the grainy sanded aluminum. (This process was first done on a test piece five years earlier and placed it in direct sunlight - no signs of deterioration or coloring. So this is a relatively easy and permanent alternative to chemical etching). Attention is given to alignment with the base adjusted in azimuth and the dial adjusted with a set of three-point latitude and skew alignment bolts. This dial is an excellent study in functional design. According to the builder, "It was a real fun project. Getting it designed and properly setup was challenging. It has given me a keen appreciation for what it must have taken to build some of the great dials around the world!"
 
 
Nanaimo British Columbia Canada Horizontal Dial Dial 991
This is a beautiful but standard mass-produced dial, with chapter rings for Roman numerals, hour lines, half and quarter hour lines. In the center is the sun surrounded by a compass rose, The dial is brass and sits on a tapered square pillar of cut stone. The gnomon is a solid, unadorned shape. Pictorial evidence from the Internet suggests that the dial has been vandalized and repaired more than once.
 
 
Vancouver British Columbia Canada Sculpture/Artwork Dial 990
This artwork along Prince Edward street stretches about 1.5 mile (2.4 km). The latitude and longitude are given for the mid point. As public art the installation is know as Solar Patterns I and II. They are a collection of metal banners attached high on street poles and at eye level, an explanation of the pattern in the banner. Each banner consists of a yellow or orange aluminum sheet perforated with round holes representing the sun following a simple curve that is part of the analemma. The third dot from the top of the banner is replaced by an image of the sun as conceived by various artists ranging from school children to iconic images from various cultures to historic representations of the sun from cave paintings.
 
 
Lake Cowichan British Columbia Canada Horizontal Dial Dial 989
This is a beautiful but standard mass-produced dial, with chapter rings for Roman numerals, hour lines, half and quarter hour lines. In the center is the sun surrounded by a compass rose, The dial itself is brass, but sits on a round cast iron base all sitting on a square concrete pillar. The gnomon was vandalized and now is missing. The base is losing its protective coat of paint and starting to rust. A thick hedge has grown up around the sundial, obscuring the sun on the east, south and west sides. It appears to be largely ignored.
 
 
Fort Wayne Indiana USA Horizontal Dial Dial 988
This is a large 20 foot diameter horizontal dial embedded in the cement sidewalk. Brass hour lines extend from the edge of the circular dial to the toe of the gnomon. The gnomon itself is a brass triangle, tarnished except for its tip that is frequently rubbed by visitors. Arabic numerals mark time by hours from 6 am to 6 pm.
 
 
Fort Wayne Indiana USA Horizontal Dial Dial 987
This horizontal dial is 16 inches square, made of limestone with a brass gnomon. The gnomon angle is 30 deg, certainly not correct for the dial's latitude of 41 deg. Nonetheless, it appears that the dial was made for its site as the gnomon and dial numbers are rotated on the square to point due north. Arabic numerals mark time by hours from 8 am to 6 pm, with raised hour lines extending toward the gnomon. The equation of time is shown as a graph on one side of the plinth. The limestone is deteriorating with age and is now covered with lichen. The 3 and 4 pm numbers are nearly obliterated and in several more years many of the other hour numbers will vanish. The dial is situated under trees with little opportunity to see the sun.
 
 
Fort Wayne Indiana USA Armillary Sphere Dial 986
This is a 32 inch diameter armillary dial made of painted steel. The gnomon is a classic arrow at a 41 deg angle. The equatorial band is painted black with bronze colored Roman numerals indicate the hours from 6 AM to 6 PM. The dial is mounted on a field stone plinth.
 
 
Houston Minnesota USA Analemmatic Dial Dial 985
A simple analemmatic dial laid out in a square concrete base. The walkway and hour surrounds are black with white lettering. The hours are Roman numerals run from VI (morning) to VIII (evening). The dial is adjusted for daylight saving time and longitude such that when the sun is on the meridian, the dial shows about 6m after 1pm.
 
 
Webster Groves Missouri USA Armillary Sphere Dial 984
The armillary sphere has three rings: (1) an equatorial time ring made of brass formed into an incomplete circular arc with a 36 inch inner diameter, a thickness of 1/2 inch, and width of 3 inches. Time markings in 15 minute intervals are inscribed on its inner surface with Arabic hour numbers; (2)a meridian ring made of steel formed into a circular arc 37 inches diameter, a thickness of 1/2 inch, and a width of 3 inches; and (3) a horizon ring made of steel into a circular arc 38 inches in diameter, with a thickness of 1/4 inch, and a width of 2 inches. The sundial is supported on a steel pedestal having an open square frustum construction. The gnomon is a steel rod having a pointed arrow tip aimed towards the North Celestial Pole.
 
 
St. Louis Missouri USA Vertical Dial Dial 983
The Mullanphy School is the last school of 48 designed by and constructed under the guidance of William B. Ittner (1864-1936), an architect and Commissioner of School Buildings for St. Louis, MO. Only hour lines are marked on this simple vertical sundial. The picture of the sundial was taken at 1:41 PM CDT on 7 May 2019. Using the relation T(solar) = T(civil) + EOT - Daylight - LonCorrection, with EOT=3.3m, Daylight=1h, and LonCorrection=1m, indicates that the dial should show 12:43:31. This suggests that Ittner’s sundial at the Mullanphy School displays this sundial time to a reasonable approximation, especially considering that its only time markings are hour lines.
 
 
Logan Ohio USA Analemmatic Dial Dial 982
An analemmatic dial set in a gravel rectangle. It has a concrete walkway and circular hour markers in two ellipses for standard and daylight time. The hour numbers are adjusted for longitude, shifting them by 30 minutes (such that the due north line reads 12:30).
 
 
Magdalena New Mexico USA Obelisk or Vertical Gnomon Dial 981
This vertical gnomon sundial sitting on a 46-by-35-foot concrete slab was constructed using concrete piers of a solar mapping radio telescope array that Robert Bracewell originally built near the Stanford University campus. The array was abandon in the 1980's. The 10 piers were moved to the VLA in 2013 and arranged as a vertical gnomonic dial. NASA: "As for most sundials the shadow cast by the central gnomon follows markers that show the solar time of day, along with solstices and equinoxes. But markers on the [Bracewell] radio sundial are also laid out according to local sidereal time. They show the position of the invisible radio shadows of three bright radio sources in Earth's sky, supernova remnant Cassiopeia A, active galaxy Cygnus A, and active galaxy Centaurus A."
 
 
Saskatoon Saskatchewan Canada Vertical Dial Dial 980
It is a replacement for a south-facing vertical dial that was in the same location until the 1990s. It is approximately 4-foot wide by 12 -foot long. The gnomon is a metal rod held by four struts. The dial tells local solar time, showing Roman hours from 6am to 6pm. There is an elaborate Equation of Time graph and instructions for use at the bottom of the dial. At the top is latitude, longitude and elevation.
 
 
Joplin Missouri USA Vertical Dial Dial 979
This is a simple but nicely engraved vertical sundial about 2-foot square made of concrete. The hour lines are delineated every half hour and marked on the hour in Arabic numbers. The gnomon is at least 1-inch thick, now epoxied into place. The hour lines converge correctly to the morning and afternoon toe of the gnomon, but no split noon hour line is seen. The dial is slightly recessed into the brick wall on the eastern edge correcting the Joplin street lay out of 1873 that used magnetic north that was 10 degrees east of north.
 
 
Stafford Virginia USA Vertical Dial Dial 978
This vertical dial is 12 feet tall and nearly 20 feet wide. It is made of quarter-inch aluminum. The white hour lines running from 10am to 5pm are 4-inches wide. They run from the summer to winter solstice. The blue solstices and equinox line are quarter-inch aluminum 5-inches wide. The gnomon base is a yellow sun 10-inches in diameter with a 2-inch diameter gnomon. The nodus on the gnomon is a sphere 6-inches in diameter.
 
 
Richmond Virginia USA Horizontal Dial Dial 977
A bronze dial 11.5 inches in diameter, 21 inches high. It is signed by Thomas Hart and dated 1765. The inscription on the dial implies a much later date of late 1800's or early 1900's.
 
 
Des Moines Iowa USA Horizontal Dial Dial 976
This is an ornate 12-inch diameter bronze horizontal dial with a central sun underneath the gnomon. Surrounding the the sun is an 8-point compass rose. On the chapter ring the hours are embossed from 5am to 7pm in Roman numerals that face outward. Time is delineated every 10 minutes. The gnomon is simple but too long for the dial, extending 2 inches past the dial edge. The place where a motto might be placed is empty, awaiting a bronze insert.
 
 
Des Moines Iowa USA Horizontal Dial Dial 975
This is a 32-inch diameter horizontal dial made of stainless steel. Hour lines are engraved for every half hour and extend from summer to winter solstice based on the tip of the triangular gnomon. Hours are marked in Arabic numerals. Between the solstice limits are declination lines for the first of each month. Note that the inscribed latitude and longitude are slightly in error.
 
 
Rock Island Illinois USA Analemmatic Dial Dial 974
This analemmatic dial is 20-foot wide within a 30-foot circle, all made of colored concrete. The Arabic dial hour markers follow an ellipse from 6 am to 6 pm. The dial is decorated with a botanical and Rotary Club theme. Gears and the Rotary 4-way test are interspersed with flowers and leaves of the four seasons.