Sundials - World's Oldest Clocks

North American Sundial Society

Selected Sundials of Virginia

Click on any photo or city name to get more sundial details and more photos.

Jamestown Virginia USA Horizontal Dial 724
A 15 inch octagonal bronze horizontal dial with a bronze gnomon. Dial face shows hour, half-hour, quarter-hour and 5-inute marks with Roman hour numerals. The gnomon is damaged and analysis shows the dial hour lines are laid out for approximately 45° latitude instead of the local 37° latitude. The dial is on a white granite pillar.
Jemez Springs New Mexico USA Analemmatic Dial 552
Analemmatic dial of cast concrete 6m E-W by 2.2m N-S
Jerico Vermont USA Horizontal Dial 70
50 foot diameter horizontal dial of steel, concrete and stone. Called "Polaris". The gnomon is 10 foot high forming a stone pyramid. As the sun shines through a hole at the center, an analemma is traced on the ground. Markers identify equinox sunrises and solstice sunsets. The dial was built by Kate Pond and her students. See NASS Compendium Vol 1, No. 2, May 1994.
Jersey City New Jersey USA Horizontal Dial 434
A horizontal dial 12 feet across made of concrete and pipe.
Johnson Vermont USA Horizontal Dial 71
One of Kate Pond's first dials, a winning design for an 18 foot diameter dial that now resides on the Johnson State College green. Concrete, Stainless Steel. On the ground concrete paths mark the N-S and E-W axes. The gnomon is a 3 inch stainless steel pipe 9 feet long attached to a concrete base. The hours are marked with 1 foot diameter Vermont granite stones, and at the cardinal points are larger stone markers. Kenneth Leslie, Assistant Professor of Art, remarked, " I have the idea of a student sitting against the North marker, reading a newspaper for a noon class, and knowing it's time to leave when the shadow crosses his paper."
Joshua Tree California USA Armillary Dial 625
A 5 foot diameter steel armillary sphere with 6 foot gnomon rod. Inner surface of equatorial ring has cast Roman numerals; outer surface has cast Zodiac signs colored gold. Sphere is supported by 13 inch high four-flange base. Dial sits on a 42 inch high cast concrete cylindrical base.
Juneau Alaska USA Analemmatic Dial 454
Painted on a downtown sidewalk is an analemmatic sundial for public use. The 25 x 20 foot sundial was organized as a community project. Eden Orelove, niece of designer Michael Orelove said, "We wanted to get as many school classes and local volunteer organizations involved as possible." Groups were invited to join the project by painting the hourly numbers. Two concentric ring of numbers are used to indicate both standard and daylight saving time, which extends from 4 am to 10 pm.
Kalamazoo Michigan USA Horizontal Dial 96
Large circular bench ca 25' in diameter forms ring with hour markings. Aluminum or stainless steel gnomon. Relatively new.
Kalamazoo Michigan USA Analemmatic Dial 430
A modernistic analemmatic dial. The ellipse is a raised stone wall with large Arabic numbers for each hour from 5am to 7 pm. The concrete patio in front of the wall contains the analemmatic line of months as an indicator of where to stand for casting the shadow.
Kalamazoo Michigan USA Combination Dial 733
A combination horizontal, vertical, polar and equatorial dial 4 x 5 x 6 foot tall made of drilled aluminum plate with rod gnomon. The vertical plate shows the EOT graph and depiction of Earth showing polar tilt, celestial equator and Earth equator using drilled holes. The bottom plate below the equatorial face includes a compass rose that also shows the direction of sunrise and sunset at the solstices. All dial faces are marked using Arabic numerals with hour and 15 minute marks. The Kalamazoo Nature Center is open most days and charges an admission fee.
Kaneohe Hawaii USA Armillary Dial 543
A 32-inch diameter bronze armillary dial with extensive Polynesian-themed motif. An integral plaque provides corrections for EOT and longitude within HST. The armillary includes ten bronze rings: horizon; solstitial colure (meridian); equinoctial (equator); Tropic of Cancer; Tropic of Capricorn; Arctic circle; Antarctic circle; "prime vertical circle" perpendicular to the meridian circle and horizon that spans from east to zenith to west; equinoctial colure perpendicular to meridian circle and equator passing through the north and south poles; and an "upright ring" inscribed with Zodiacal signs between the prime vertical and equator.
Kaneohe Hawaii USA Horizontal Dial 715
A 12 inch diameter (perhaps bronze) horizontal dial with hour lines and half-hour marks and Roman hour numerals. Inscription area is heavily corroded. Dial rests on a mortared marble stone pedestal. This may be a commercial stock dial and the design may be flawed as the gnomon root appears to be north of the 6 AM - 6 PM line.
Kannapolis North Carolina USA Horizontal Dial 703
A large horizontal cast concrete dial on a brick patio. Dial face includes hour lines and Roman numerals. Dial is dedicated as a tribute to the men and women of Kannapolis who died while serving in the US armed forces.
Kearney Nebraska USA Horizontal Dial 722
A 32 inch diameter bicolored Coconino sandstone horizontal dial with hour, half and quarter hour marks and Arabic hour numerals showing DST with longitude correction. The large noon gap is marked, High Noon. Dial face has carved time ribbon with inlayed brass balls on quarter hours. Gnomon sides show carved sunface and moonface. Dial is placed on a cast concrete pedestal approximately 20 inches high.
Kelowna British Columbia Canada Equatorial Dial 716
An approximately 18 inch diameter equatorial dial of brushed aluminum and stainless steel with painted steel equatorial and meridian supports. Hour lines and Arabic hour numerals are marked on dial face and a bow string gnomon is tensioned by the meridian arc, which is adjustable for latitude and provided with a marked scale. Meridian arc is supported on a 3-inch diameter steel pole fixed in concrete.
Kennett Square Pennsylvania USA Analemmatic Dial 328
37.2 ft x 23.8 ft. This is probably the world's largest analemmatic, unusually designed to show standard time directly. It took 8 years of daily readings to perfect the sundial, which is accurate to within 2 minutes. Hour markers are bronze Roman numerals. Minute lines inscribed in limestone curbing. The gnomon itself is a moveable pole that is set on an AM or PM daily curve. NASS member P. Kenneth Seidelman was instrumental in correcting this design in 1978.
Kennett Square Pennsylvania USA Horizontal Dial 329
Dating from 1976, this "secret" garden room (once a sundial garden with boxwood parterre) was designed by Thomas Church and is on the western side of the 1908 Square Fountain pool. The ground level horizontal dial is limestone with an iron gnomon. Hour lines identified by Roman numerals; hours divided into minutes. Hour line distribution adjusted for style width. EoT engraved on PM side of dial face. Dial sits atop a large mortared stone base.
Ketchum Idaho USA Dial 582
This is NOT a sundial! So far, I have been unable to contact the sculptor to get any additional information.
Kingston Ontario Canada Horizontal Dial 129
A horizontal dial approximately 18 inches in diameter. Made of iron with a solid triangular gnomon Cast raised lettering, sun face, sea symbol. Hours marked by raised lines only. 7AM-5PM. On a small white plaque at the north of the dial are the words "Man eats his bread and records the hour; but the mills of the gods grind eternal flour." Very appropriate considering the dial rests on an old millstone. Update: as of Nov 1996 this dial no longer exists. The millstone is still there in front of City Hall, but the sundial and plaques are gone. Wrought iron base, supporting a large millstone on which the dial is mounted.
Kingston Ontario Canada Vertical Pillar Dial Dial 450
A square pillar of limestone rocks 4 foot on a side and 15 feet high with a small bowl and sphere on top hold two vertical dials each 2x2 feet. The pillar faces are oriented SE and SW allowing for two declining dials. The dials are of solid brass and have hour lines with Arabic numbers in a modern design belying by the stonework of the pillars. Unfortunately the 14-inch gnomons are bent