Sundials - World's Oldest Clocks

North American Sundial Society

Sundials of North America

This is a complete listing of sundials in the North American Sundial Society Registry. Click on any dial thumbnail picture or city name to display our complete listing and images. To see sundials in a particular state or province, you may click on the list at left to see all registered sundials in that state, province or country (at bottom) displayed in city order.

Casa Grande Arizona USA Horizontal Monofilar Dial 457
This horizontal dial is an engraved flagstone approximately 40 inches in diameter designed by John Carmichael. The monofilar gnomon is a stranded brass cable that extends upward to a height of 15 inches and is held taught by a rock counterweight. The engraved stone shows time marks to 5 minutes, corrected for longitude. Time and direction of sunrise and sunset for the equinoxes and solstices are also given.
Tucson Arizona USA Vertical Dial 456
This is a 10 x 10 foot south vertical wall dial with hour lines painted on the wall that are corrected for longitude. A unique feature of this dial is the time scale can be rotated forward or back slightly to compensate for the Equation of Time. However, because only the hours are marked, precise minute reading is difficult. Welded steel was used to make the time marker ring and gnomon.
Halifax Nova Scotia Canada Horizontal Dial 455
This bronze horizontal dial is approximately 25 cm across on a one-meter high pedestal. Both the dial and dedication plate have a blue-green patina. The gnomon is slightly bent and appears to have been re-attached to the dial. The orientation remains true. Roman numerals mark the hours from 5 am to 7 pm. Hour lines plus half-hour marks. The concrete base is badly cracked and small pieces have fallen away. The dial is well-situated in an open area, but a nearby tree might shade the dial near midday during fall, winter, and spring.
Juneau Alaska USA Analemmatic Dial 454
Painted on a downtown sidewalk is an analemmatic sundial for public use. The 25 x 20 foot sundial was organized as a community project. Eden Orelove, niece of designer Michael Orelove said, "We wanted to get as many school classes and local volunteer organizations involved as possible." Groups were invited to join the project by painting the hourly numbers. Two concentric ring of numbers are used to indicate both standard and daylight saving time, which extends from 4 am to 10 pm.
Mexico City Distrito Federal Mexico Horizontal Dial 453
A triangular based horizontal dial with a triangular moat. The outer triangular sides are approximately 12 feet (4 meters). The dial and moat are built of concrete, with an aluminum or sheet metal gnomon about 150 cm. On the dial are metal pyramids to indicate hours. The sundial was donated by the Tecnologico de Monterrey University.
Las Cruces New Mexico USA Equatorial Dial 452
A large equatorial dial with steel gnomon. The massive dial is set simply on a set of tiered platforms. The inner tiers are rotated from the outer to align to the cardinal points. Elsie Raye Rigney Carr and Dr. Jesse Lawrence Carr gave the dial to the university in 1975 in memory of Raye Hines Rigney, Class of 1911.
Elizabethtown Pennsylvania USA Vertical Dial 451
A 4x4 foot marble vertical dial declining 25° east of south with a copper gnomon, located above the center entrance of the Grand Lodge Hall and overlooking the formal garden of the Masonic Village of Elizabethtown. The dial face includes hour lines with half hour and ten minute marks and Roman numerals. An inscription, "ANNO DOMINI MCMXII" is located above the gnomon. The dial declines 25° east of south.
Kingston Ontario Canada Vertical Pillar Dial Dial 450
A square pillar of limestone rocks 4 foot on a side and 15 feet high with a small bowl and sphere on top hold two vertical dials each 2x2 feet. The pillar faces are oriented SE and SW allowing for two declining dials. The dials are of solid brass and have hour lines with Arabic numbers in a modern design belying by the stonework of the pillars. Unfortunately the 14-inch gnomons are bent
Ottawa Ontario Canada Hemisphere Dial 449
This hemispherium dial is a dramatic modern sculpture. The 32 inch quarter hemisphere is carved into the edge of a 40 inch cube of dark granite tilted to conform to its latitude of 45.5° , and set upon a rough concrete pedestal of slightly smaller dimension. The gnomon is a
Calgary Alberta Canada Equatorial Dial 448
A steel and brass equatorial dial 49 inches in diameter. The dial simulates an armillary sphere with two crossed semi-circles in a modernistic sculpture. There is a slot in the gnomon that projects a sun line and corrects for the equation of time; the gnomon is turned over at the solstice. Fine adjustments are required near the solstice to show correct clock time (MST). Dial built as a Canadian Centennial Project. Now relocated to a mid-level landing on the entrance stairs but not correctly aligned, producing a 48 minute error.
Bloomington Minnesota USA Polar Equatorial Dial 447
An Erickson Monument polar equatorial dial of light granite, approximately 5 feet in diameter and 6 inches thick. The gnomon shaft is steel, 3 inches in diameter, extending from the ground through the dial plate and outward another 18 inches. The base is a simple tier of raised concrete. 24 hours of radiating lines are inscribed on each side of the dial (summer and winter), ending with the hour in Arabic numbers. Time is graduated by half-hour and 5 minute marks. Two equation of time graphs, each about 3 x 5 feet engraved in granite, are set at the north and south ends of the dial, providing corrections from Apr-Sep, and Oct-Mar. [The description to obtain watch time attributes Bloomington's longitude as 93:18 East instead of West. Further, it tells the user to subtract one hour for daylight savings time.] Nearly identical to the Port Arthur Dial, Texas, but without city names located in various time zones. Compare this dial with other Erickson dials
Port Arthur Texas USA Polar Equatorial Dial 446
A large Erickson Monument polar equatorial dial of light colored granite, approximately 6 feet in diameter and 6 inches thick. The gnomon shaft is steel, extending from the ground through the dial plate and outward another two feet. The base is a simple tier of raised concrete. 24 hours are inscribed on each side of the dial (summer and winter) as radiating lines with Arabic numbers at the end. Time is graduated by half-hour and 5 minute marks. Two equation of time graphs, each about 3 x 6 feet engraved in granite, are set at the north and south ends of the dial, providing corrections from Apr-Sep, and Oct-Mar. [An interesting note about the engraving for the Apr-Sep graph: The line originally said "For daylight savings time, subtract one hour", the word "subtract" was filled in and "you add" was inscribed over it.] In the top quadrant of the dial (both obverse and reverse) where the sun's shadow will never cast, are the names of cities in 16 different Time Zones. A beautiful and well-crafted sundial, it makes a fitting Seaman's Memorial. Compare this dial with other Erickson dials
Lewisburg Pennsylvania USA Equatorial Dial 445
A large, ornate equatorial dial of brass sits outside the physics department building. The dial is approximately 8 feet across. Two pillars with brass balls support the dial plate. Two more pillars with ball support the gnomon wire. To add a flourish, the north most pillar and ball have a spread eagle holding the gnomon wire in its mouth. Unfortunately this beautiful dial is tarnished by age, with the analemmas for each hour barely visible on the dial plate. The gnomon wire, broken sometime in the past, is jury-rigged and tied together in the middle, resulting in a unkempt look to such a fine dial. A dark, round stone base, perhaps made of slate, approximately 8 foot in diameter supports the dial and pillars. The stone sits upon a 10 x 10 foot concrete pad.
Wilmot Ohio USA Horizontal Dial 444
The Wilderness Center Sundial is large horizontal dial with a 6-foot steel gnomon approximately 27 inches thick. The base is done in slate with copper numbers.
Newburyport Massachusetts USA Armillary Dial 443
This 4-foot diameter armillary sphere is made of galvanized, painted and gold leafed steel. The dial is had forged and welded by Cassidy Brothers Forge. It was "Colorgalvanized" by Duncan Industries and gold leafed. It was made to specifications from Albert Waugh's book on sundials, including latitude and longitude corrections. The sundial is mounted on a cast stone pedestal and stands about 8 foot high.
Watertown New York USA Vertical Dial 442
The vertical dial is on one face of a ornamental rectangular display raised on pole at the edge of the street at Key Bank Clock Plaza. The dial is approximately 2-foot square with an ornate gnomon having a "key" cutout. The dial was moved from another location to the present pole and restored. The dial is made of copper or bronze. Nearby is a plaque with the equation of time. Dedicated May 15, 1967.
Somerville Massachusetts USA Vertical Dial 441
This 5 foot x 7 foot vertical dial is painted onto the true south facing concrete wall of a commercial building. The gnomon and hour lines appear to be weathered copper or bronze. The hour lines are corrected for longitude, but may be in error by about 5 minutes. The dial is in relatively good condition, but the painted numerals are fading. The building itself has been in several hands over the last 10-15 years.
St. Augustine Florida USA Vertical Dial 440
The Cathedral-Basilica of St. Augustine was founded on Sept 8, 1565. A rectangular building 42 feet wide and 120 feet long formed the original structure, with walls of coquina, a rocklike amalgam of sea shells. A fire destroyed much of the Cathedral in 1887, but the walls survived. The reconstruction includes a new bell tower at the South end of the Cathedral. A vertical sundial is painted on the South wall of the tower about 15 feet above ground above a doorway. The dial is about 3 by 4 feet with simple lines marking the hours and quarter hours from 8 am to 5 pm. The gnomon is a simple rod and appears bent. A picture of the dial taken at 12:30 EDT on March 12 shows a shadow time of about 2;15.
Black Rock City Nevada USA Artwork Dial 439
The Pyrolarium was a sundial designed for the Burning Man Festival (1999) to shoot exploding mortars into the sky at each hour of the day. The structure was 12 feet in diameter and nearly 18 feet high. On an upper platform out of the reach of people were a series of tubes loaded with black powder. Around the perimeter of the platform were a set of Fresnel lenses, igniting them in succession throughout the day. The last mortar ignited at sunset and the Pryolarium was incinerated, as is the custom of all artwork displayed at the Burning Man Festival.
Pittsford New York USA Vertical Dial 438
This old vertical north facing dial in on the Spring House, constructed circa 1822. The building was an old Erie Canal Inn. The dial is about 48 inches high by 30 inches wide, made of wood and painted with a white boarder. The gnomon is also white painted wood and "looks upside down" because the dial faces north. The dial and gnomon have been repainted several times.