Sundials - World's Oldest Clocks

North American Sundial Society

Mosaic at Antioch

The Daily Sabah reports a 2,400 year old mosaic discovered during excavations in Turkey's southern Hatay provice that shows a skeleton that according to archeologist Demet Kara fromthe Hatay Archeology Museum has an inscription that translates from ancient Greek to say "Be cherrful, and live your life."

Perhaps more interesting to sundialists is the mosaic further right.  It is of a Roman attending the bath. Demet Kara explains, "...there is a sundial and a young clothed man run[s] towards it with a bare-headed butler behind.  The sundial is between 9 and 10 am.  9am is the bath time in the Roman period.  He has to arrive at supper at 10am.  Unless he can, it is not well received.  There is writing on the scene that reads he is late for supper and writing about time on the other."

Kara added, "[This is] a unique mosaic in Turkey.  There is a similar mosaic in Italy but this one is much more comprehensive.  It is important for the fact that it dates back to the third century BCE...Antiocheia was a very important, rich city. There were mosaic schools and mints in the city. The ancient city of Zeugma in [the southeastern province of] Gaziantep might have been established by people who were trained here. Antiocheia mosaics are world famous."

http://www.dailysabah.com/nation/2016/04/22/2400-year-old-mosaic-found-in-southern-turkey-says-be-cheerful-enjoy-your-life

http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/be-cheerful-live-your-life-ancient-mosaic-meme-found-in-turkeys-south.aspx?PageID=238&NID=98201&NewsCatID=375